Sunday, 4 December 2016

Hair Ice ---- from Stephanie (see recebt Blog)

Stephanie wanted to post this with her explanation but failed to add picture ---- before these are separated too far, here is the Hair Ice which I have never seen. 
 Colin has seen this several times in Troserch Woods.  The recent days having been very cold/frosty with no wind are OK for this to develop.

Digital Microscope

Taking on board Philip's comments from the previous post, about choosing a microscope that can check spore ornamentation as well as spore size, I would like to add that seeing the elaborate ornamentation on some spores is one of the joys of using a microscope. I have listed below some of the more attractive examples I've had recently (they all would be x1000 mag.):

Wednesday, 30 November 2016

Digital Microscope

As Philip mentioned in a recent post, taking a spore print and being able to check the spores under a microscope opens up a whole new dimension to  going on a fungus foray. And as digital cameras have made photography a whole lot easier, I feel the same can be said for microscopy. I make no pretensions whatsoever to being a microscopist in any shape or form but 2 years ago I purchased a microscope from Brunel Microscopes with an inbuilt camera. It is easily linked to a PC by the included software, and I must say that I have had a lot of fun out of it. Through no fault of my own some of the images that end up on my computer screen are really pretty.

If anyone is interested in seeing how  a digital microscope works with spores etc, and what you can then do with the images when you get them, I would be only too happy to show them. I could bring it along to the Botanical Gardens on a Tuesday perhaps if Bruce could find a spare corner with a desk and an electrical socket(?)
Please let me know if you are interested.

Tuesday, 29 November 2016

Hair Ice in Pembrey Park.

Hair ice -- a type of ice shaped like fine, silky hairs that resembles white cotton candy -- grows on the rotten branches of certain trees when the weather conditions are just right, usually during humid winter nights when the air temperature drops slightly below the freezing point.

Scientists have now discovered exactly what gives “hair ice” its strange shape. It's caused by a fungus called Exidiopsis effusa. When the fungus is not present, ice still forms but in a crust-like structure instead. The fungus allows the ice to form thin hairs – with a diameter of about .01mm, and can keep this shape over many hours when the temperature is close to zero.

Monday, 28 November 2016

Two types of Bird's nest fungus.

The Bird's nest fungus that Peter saw a few weeks ago on the woodchip patch as you enter the National Botanic Gardens is still about. There is masses of it there. However on taking a few close-up pictures it would seem that there are two species there, all mixed up together.

Fluted Bird's Nest, Cyathus striatus, and Common Bird's nest Fungus, Crucibulum laeve

On the left we have the Fluted Bird's Nest, Cyathus striatus with its ribbed walls and on the right we have the Common Bird's nest Fungus, Crucibulum laeve, with the smooth interior. When you manage to knock a few spores off the "eggs", you will notice that these are also different as the Cyathus striatus spores are much larger.

Saturday, 26 November 2016

More Fungi from Pembrey Forest

More Fungi from Pembrey Forest. One is obviously a "Stinkhorn" Phallus impudicus, but I am not sure about the others. Any ideas?

Wednesday, 23 November 2016

Holly Parachute at Pembrey

I came across this delightful little parachute fungus  a few days ago on a walk in Pembrey. It was growing on an old  Holly leaf and would appear to be  Marasmius hudsonii - Holly Parachute. Not sure how rare it is but because of its size I bet it's not seen very often!

Tuesday, 22 November 2016

Cortinarius trivialis ---- Girdled Webcap.

Girdled Webcap Cortinarius trivialis is one of the few Cortinarius I can recognise.  It is mycorrhizal with Willow ---- see dead leaves.and has a sticky glutinous cap  with bands down the stipe.

Found along the public FP west edge of Ffrwd Fen.

Sunday, 20 November 2016

Mycena at Botanic Gardens

A week or so ago we came across this pretty looking mushroom on a Tuesday walk. Growing under a beech tree, it was assumed to be another patch of Amethyst Deceiver, Laccaria amethystina, which is quite common here. But alongside was a Beechwood Sickner, Russuala nobilis, which I then bent down to take a photo of. Having got closer it could be seen that it wasn't L. amethystina at all but a Mycena spp. This time I assumed it was the Lilac Mycena, M. pura, took a photo and put it in my box to take home. Only recently I've got around to looking at it and it would appear not to be M. pura after all but could in fact be M. diosma, which is a lot rarer with only a very few  Welsh records on the BMS database.

Another mistake on the same day was assuming that this polypore mushroom, growing in Trawscoed wood was "Hen of the Woods", Grifola frondosa, when checking it on the internet it would appear to be the Giant Polypore, Meripilus giganteus, which seems to sum up my fungus foraying as what you find is never what you think it is!

Sunday, 13 November 2016

Bolete under Larch

Among the dozens and dozens of Buttercaps, Rhodocollybia butyracea, in the larch plantation just north of Ffos Las I came across this rather drab mushroom about 5 cms across, which looked slightly different. Turning it over it had pores rather than gills. I thought it may be a polypore growing on a piece of buried wood but instead it turned out to be a Sticky bolete, Suillus viscidus, with its slimy cap and the remains of a partial veil. It would appear to be fairly uncommon in Wales.

Saturday, 12 November 2016

A Plea for Help

I've been giving one of the hedges at Cwmllwyd (on the N side of Mynydd Du)  a mighty thrashing: it was casting ever deeper shade over the vegetable plot and that's about the only piece of productive garden ground we've got here. There was lots of old and dead wood in the hedge and some of this was home to species unknown to me. I'm hoping someone will be able to identify some lichens and fungus for me. Most grateful if you are able to oblige. Thanks - Steve Clarke.

The twig was about the diameter of a blackboard chalk 

 This stick was about 25mm diameter

About the thickness of a pencil - tiny fruiting bodies!

Friday, 11 November 2016

Interesting Inkcap - Coprinopsis cinereofloccosus

During our recent foray to Mynydd Ddu, amongst the many waxcaps etc that we found was this interesting looking inkcap. Taking it home it was shown to have odd looking spores, which have what is called a perispore on both sides of it as can be seen in the picture below. Moreover a picture of the basidia shows that they hold only two spores. I put a query on the new fungi UK site and they were very helpful, pointing me towards a coprinopsis key. 

It would seem that only two species  have the combination of two-spored basidia and the odd shaped spores with a perispore:  c.cinereofloccosus and c. saccharomyces. Because of the size of the spores it would appear that our find is c. cinereofloccosus.  Which would make our day out more successful as according to the BMS database there are only 47 records and none in Wales.


Sunday, 6 November 2016

Huge amount of honey fungus on tree

Today in Castle Woods, Dinefwr Park, we found this poor dead tree (possibly oak) with honey fungus fruiting along well over 10 feet of its trunk. Thought a video might convey how amazing it looked. video

Coed Pen Arthur

Just discovered Coed Pen Arthur, a mainly conifer plantation on the road from Llangadog to the Black Mountain (Grid ref SN 717 255). Worth keeping a mycological eye on - I found a lovely crop of beautiful Wood Blewitts Lepista nuda, the colour of parma violets. There's also a public sauna somewhere deep in the woods apparently.

Saturday, 5 November 2016

Great new find on Waun Las

Chuffed to hear that Trichoglossum walteri was recorded by David Mitchel on the Waun Las waxcap meadow on UK Fungus Day. David always sends me a full species list from his visits to Waun Las and he usually unearths a gem or two.
This makes it the 40th CHEG species recorded on this meadow i.e. fungi associated with well established, unfertilized pastures. And Trichoglossum walteri is one of the rarer species on the CHEG species. It's the first earth-tongue fungus formally recorded on this meadow although Penny David remembers seeing one there in the 1990s during one of her visits with Maurice Rotheroe.   

Sorry no picture but I've yet to see it. Anyone else got one?

Friday, 4 November 2016

Leucoagaricus nympharum -- possibly!

On a visit to Aberglasney recently I spotted this beneath a plant in the 'Nympharium', a garden within some old rooms of the house which has tender plants/orchids etc.  I did not collect it so unsure what it is.  In Buczacki there is Leucoagaricus nympharum which seems OK -- gills white tending to pale reddish.  It is curious that this L.nympharum was found in the Nympharium (called after gardens in Italy created in old buildings ---- I think) !

Wednesday, 2 November 2016

At NBGW 31 Oct 2016

This was found at the NBGW at the start of the bridge leading to Cae Brwyn. The gills were white and crowded and the spore print was white. It also had a ring and a volva - Lepiota or Agaricus ? Dunno.

Tuesday, 1 November 2016

Foray on Mynydd Ddu

Selection of fungi from Mynydd Ddu.

Last Sunday we ventured onto Mynydd Ddu searching for waxcaps and anything else that might turn up. Thankfully it was a nice sunny day as this is not the place to be if the weather turns against you. We met in the usual car-park on the winding road heading back to Llandeilo and did a circuit around.

Plenty to be seen especially Crimson Waxcap, Hygrocybe punicea, which seemed to cover the mountainside in some places - slightly off-colour now but must have looked super last week.

Caterpillar Club fungi growing out of the remains of some poor grub.

Had a fair haul in the end with over a dozen waxcaps, various corals, spindles, puffballs and an unusual inkcap,  plus a nice Caterpiller Club, expertly spotted by Di, which we dug up to see what he was eating.  Perhaps the best find of the day however was Linda finding the bag I had left on the mountain alongside  some photo opportunity or other, and thought was gone for good.

For a list of Fungi found please click here.

Monday, 31 October 2016

Adding Photos

Struggling to add photos any help?
Ps I'm using a smartphone

Thursday, 27 October 2016

Ynysdawela Nature Park, Upper Brynamman

Saw these whilst checking dormouse boxes today. If the group fancies visiting the site, which is a mixture of woodlands and meadows just let me know and I'm happy to meet people up there. I think it could be an interesting site for fungi. Isabel

Wednesday, 26 October 2016

Lepiota grangei

Lepiota grangei.  This was found in the Country Park, on 24th Oct, close to where the 'foray' was held on 23rd.  This is an uncommon species with prominent green squamules on the cap (young) and on the base of the stipe.  Microscopy shows spore size fits this species as there are a few Lepiota species having a geenish tint. This was under Willow and books say it is found with broadleaf trees.

Fungus Foray at Pembrey last Sunday.

Over 25 people plus a dog ventured out  last Sunday on the Llanelli Naturalists annual fungus foray to Pembrey Woods . Again this year it was a very successful event as, even though we have had a very dry October, we didn't have to travel far to find a number of interesting species. In all we must have seen over 30 different fungi and a list will shortly be available once they have been sorted out.

Many thanks also to Stephanie Thomas who brought along a large colourful tray of fungi she had collected around the forest over the two days previous. This allowed everyone to have a "sniff", a taste and a poke around whilst Philip gave everyone an instructive chat on what to look out for before we set off.

Sunday, 23 October 2016

Bird's nest fungus     Crucibulum leave -listed in some books as uncommon but they are so small that they would probably be overlooked. These were found on chippings , on the right hand side of the walkway from the entrance to NBGW at the side of the lake and just before the fountain.

Fungus Day at National Botanic Garden of Wales

The following list shows the fungi which were displayed, but not necessarily collected at NBGW. They came from a variety of sources including NBGW, The Ivens woodland, Pembrey Country Park, and Cwm Ifor woods.

Jelly rot                 Phlebia tremellosa
Turkey tail            Trametes versicolor
Blushing bracket   Daedaleopsis confragosa
Variable webcap    Cortinarius anomalus
Chanterelle            Cantharellus cibarius
Wood pinkgill        Entoloma rhodopolium
                               Lepiota sp.
Cramp balls           Daldinia concentrica
Beech woodwart    Hypoxylon fragiforme
Stinkhorn               Phallus impudicus
Dog stinkhorn        Mutinus caninus
Beech jellydisc       Neobulgaria pura
                                Clitocybe sp.
Brittlegills               Russula sp.
Milkcaps                 Lactarius sp.
Glistening inkcap    Coprinus micaceus
Rosy bonnet            Mycena rosea
Candlesnuff             Xylaria hypoxylon
Dead man's fingers  Xylaria polymorpha
Common puffball    Lycoperdon perlatum
Honey fungus          Armillaria mellea
Sulphur tuft             Hypholoma fasiculare
Blackening waxcap Hygrocybe conica
Apricot club fungus Clavulinopsis luteoalba
Shaggy parasol         Chlorophyllum sp.
Southern bracket       Ganoderma australe
Common eyelash      Scutellinia scutellata
Glue crust fungus      Hymenochaete corrugata
Deer shield                Pluteus cervinus
Amethyst deceiver    Laccaria amethystina
Porcelain fungus       Oudemansiella mucida
Jelly baby                  Leotia lubrica
Giant funnel              (Leucopaxillus giganteus?)
Bird's nest fungus      (Crucibulum laeve?)
Flask earthstar           Geastrum lageniforme
Grey puffball             Bovista plumbea
Blackfoot polypore    Polyporus (or Cerioporus from 2016) leptocephalus
Meadow puffball       Lycoperdon pratense
Fibrecap                     Inocybe agardhii
Elfin saddle                Helvella lacunosa
Spectacular rustgill    Gymnopilus junonius
Hazel bolete               Leccinum pseudoscabrum
Blusher                       Amanita rubescens
Common ink cap        Coprinopsis atramentaria (formerly Coprinus atramentarius)
Brown roll-rim           Paxillus involutus

Monday, 17 October 2016

Common puffballs ?

Came across this group in Pembrey Forest a couple of days ago. At first, because of their papery skin,  took them to be a group of common puffballs. When I took one home I found the spores were huge at about 12 ┬Ám, whereas puffball spores tend to be a lot smaller. Also as can be seen the spores have a reticulated network covering them, which from the literature would tend to suggest they were in fact an earthball called Scleroderma bovista, the Potato Earthball. The Scaly Earthball, s. verrucosum also has a papery skin (unlike the usual tough, leathery skin that the common earthball has), but the spores of s. verrucosum do not have a reticulated network.

- perhaps they may still be there for our foray on Sunday?

Spores of s.bovista, some showing a network of ridges across them