Saturday, 2 June 2018

Glyphium elatum

At the splendid 'microscopy tutorial' that Brian Douglas gave us on 1st June, one tiny species we looked at was Glyphium elatum.  A post on this Blog 5th Oct 2014 gives a picture of the fb and at microscopy we saw the extremely long thin spores.
This species grows on various tree species and I have seen it on willow and apple.  Looking at papers on the 'web' I was surprised to see that it is a species detected from discoloured stone, including marble, monuments !  A detailed study of Milan cathederal using DNA methods showed that one of the many organisms (many lichens) was Glyphium elatum and the DNA gave a 100% match.
 Fungi are strange beasts !

Tuesday, 22 May 2018

Email List

So far we have the following added to our email list: Diane, Peter, Laura, Phillip, Nigel, Stephanie, Linda, Emily, Colin, Sue, Bruce, Glamorgan Fungus Group, Isabel,

If you or anybody you know want to be added please get in touch with me or add a comment below - to comply with "regulations" people have to personally ask to be added.

Tuesday, 15 May 2018

Follow up on my post from the 12th of April...

Philip suggested that I look for the other signs of Monilinia johnsonii on the leaves of the Hawthorn later in the year. While walking today it was impossible to miss so many leaves had gone brown and curled up on otherwise healthy branches. Mum managed to find a leaf that was exactly as Philip had described with a grey fur on it. I'm only sad that you can't smell how amazingly sweet they are too! (I couldn't get over the smell.) Thanks again Philip.

Reticularia lycoperdon?

Reticularia lycoperdon?
Saw this on the base of an oak tree up at Dinas nature reserve early this morning. About 6cm high and almost like foam filler on the tree! Is it Reticularia lycoperdon slime mould? Isabel

Tuesday, 1 May 2018

Calocybe gambosa --- St George's Mushroom

I had a look for these on 23rd April, St George's Day but they were just at the button stage.  A week later they had expanded.  This small patch has remained about the same size over the past five years.  This patch is on a public footpath at Ffrwd reserve (Pembrey).  Another patch is at Pembrey Old Harbour in very long grass, yet to be looked for this year.

Melampsora epitea (rust) on Spindle.

The rust Melampsora epitea on Spindle, Euonymus europaeus at Ashpits, Burry Port.  The shrubs seem covered in golden blotches.  Thank to Nigel of course and the splendid book 'Rust fungus checklist and census catalogue for Wales'.

It seems that this rust has many host plants.

Monday, 30 April 2018

Rusty leaves.

Every year we get carpets of Adoxa moschatellina (Town hall clock) but cant say I've ever seen them covered in rust. While walking in a slightly different part of the land we found several effected plants. These little white cups are puccinia albescens, kindly confirmed by our resident rust expert the lovely Nigel, who said he has only 30 county records of this so a nice find. 
Image may contain: plant, nature and outdoorImage may contain: plant, nature and outdoor

Friday, 27 April 2018

Taphrina alni.

Alder tongue. 

These are caused by a fungus creating a chemically induced distortion of the female catkins on Alder. 

This is one I've wanted to see for a while, completely by chance I picked up these cones with it on. Would love to see it when its fresh so will definitely be keeping my eyes peeled as the new catkins start forming this year!  

Tuesday, 24 April 2018

Lycogala epidendrum and Melanoleuca cognata var cognata

 A couple of species from Pembrey forest today (April 24th)

Lycogala epidendrum ---- Woolf's Milk.  This group of brilliant Myxos looked so attractive on a moss covered stump.

They don't remain this colourful as they go a dull grey-brown as they mature and break down releasing grey spores.

One of the 'Cavaliers' --- I think this must be Melanoleuca cognata var cognata = Spring Cavalier.  It needs microscopy to confirm (cystidia at gill edge need).  However at this time of year it is the most likely Melanoleuca.

Sunday, 22 April 2018

Another interesting find identified...

Cudoniella tenusipora. 

Mum was grovelling around on her hands and knees looking at a resupinate on the underside of a log when she came across these. They looked like little molars growing from the log. I looked through the whole of the Fungi of Switzerland: Ascomycetes but couldn't find anything that didn't have a stem like these.
The lovely Emma Williams said she found this once and very kindly took a sample to put under the scope and confirmed her thoughts. So thanks Emma!

Saturday, 21 April 2018

Hopefully another gem from our woods...

Verpa conica.  Thimble morel. 

I found two of these poking out of the grass in our field, the slugs were enjoying an early morning munch and had caused some damage. I thought they looked like some sort of false morel and got the books out when I got home. This one is said to be 'rare' so I was unsure. Thankfully I was in the company of David Harries later in the day who suggested that it could well be verpa conica so I was delighted! I have a piece awaiting some spores to fall but fingers crossed.

Thursday, 19 April 2018

Strange red fungus

Came across this strange red fungus on a submerged branch in a bog and thought this could be interesting. But having taken a look at the spores when I got home I was disappointed to see that they were identical to Scarlet Elf Cup. So not new to Science after all!

Monday, 16 April 2018

Update on the last post and a few more finds.

Philip has sent me a bit more information regarding my last post, the Monilinia johnsonii. 
As hawthorn is such a common tree there are only occasional records with a few being from Wales. This makes me wonder is it just hard to spot with all the leaf litter at this time of year? As we must have hundreds on our land...
I have also been advised to look out for any leaves with black/brown patches from April to June, which should have a sweet smelling grey to buff coloured mould on them. This mould should be composed of chains of spherical conidia. This part said to be very common! So keep your eyes peeled people. 

Kretzschmaria deusta. Brittle cinder fungus.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

On First Nature this fungus is described as "a seriously worrying plant pathogen" as it causes soft rot. 
I found this on a very dead fallen Beech tree. It is an amazing colour at this stage but apparently turns black and goes brittle.This being a possible reason for it being under recorded as it looks like charred wood.  

Below: No clue on the mushroom but spot the Uromyces dactylidis! 

Sunday, 15 April 2018

Tuesday meeting.

Are we having a meeting this Tuesday, if so any ideas?

Thursday, 12 April 2018

Latest find in the Sandbanks...

A few years running we have spotted these so I posted them on the Facebook page for some help... 
Rich Wright has suggested they are Monilinia johnsonii and sent me this good link   
I just love the name 'Haw goblets'! 

Friday, 23 March 2018

Tubaria furfuracea --- Scurfy Twiglet

Further to Philip's post below. I have now checked the gill-edge cystidia under the microscope, there were plenty there  and they would seem to point to the Scurfy Twiglet - what do you think Philip?

Thursday, 22 March 2018

Tubaria furfuracea --- Scurfy Twiglet

This is possibly Tubaria furfuracea found in Pembrey C Park on 9th March.  Left in place to see in a few days.  Further photos on 13th and collected on 17th when it seemed to have gills attaced to a collar (like Marasmius rotula). However there was very cold weather over these days and the ring pattern has occurred due to frost damage pulling the gills away from the stipe.  At least this is what I think has happened ---- but an elegant effect!  In the first pic. there is a faint annular zone on the stipe.
Colin did microscopy and spores would fit (shape and size) but cystidia at gill edge not looked at which would confirm.  Colour of spore print --- ochre-brown would also fit.
This was all on it's own but usually found grouped together.

Monday, 12 March 2018

Sneaking in an ID request from across the border

Found this on a cut branch of hawthorn at The Wildlife Centre at Cilgerran but though the the Carmarthenshire fungi expertise could help me out! Thanks folks.


Saturday, 10 March 2018

Compiling a new email list.

There have been a number of emails going about lately, this time about the new BMS recording site, and it is obvious that not everyone is on the recipient list. Our email list at the moment is woefully out of date and/or inaccurate, and it would make sense to create a new list with anyone who may be interested in receiving general information.

I think it may be best to start afresh so if you want to be on the list please send an email to from your current email address.

Monday, 5 March 2018

Some recent additions to Carmarthenshire Fungi iRecord site.

Branched Oyster, Pleurotus cornucopiae.

Recorded in the mixed woodland around the Upper Lleidi Reservoir. Called Branched Oyster because it has a number of fruit-bodies growing from the same stem. Growing on a fallen Birch trunk.

 Branched Oyster, Pleurotus cornucopiae

Smokey Bracket, Bjerkandera adusta.

Again at the Upper Lleidi Reservoir this time on an Oak stump, a rather large Smokey bracket with its characteristic grey underside.

 Smokey Bracket, Bjerkandera adusta.

Peziza domiciliana.

I found this growing between the bricks on my doorstep. Quite small, although I stepped on a larger one, with a small root and fibres of mycelium. Put it on the BMS facebook site where Richard Shotbolt suggested it was likely to be Peziza domiciliana. But difficult to be certain, so I have entered it as such on the iRecord site. The good thing about ascomycetes is that they give lovely pictures under the microscope.

Gloeophyllum abietinum.

Growing on a pine pole used as a  Alder tree-support post, this resupinate strange fungus was found at the Ashpits Ponds Local Nature Reserve.  This reserve would be an ideal place for a foray later in the year.

Gloeophyllum abietinum.
Alder Tongue
Taphrina alni.

Alder Tongue Taphrina alni.

On the Alder trees one of which was supported by the post above, there were a number of Alder Tongue,  Taphrina alni.
"Taphrina alni is a fungal plant pathogen that causes Alder Tongue Gall, a chemically induced distortion of female Alder catkins
. "

Must remember to call back later in the year to get a picture of some fresh new ones!

Blistered Cup, Peziza vesiculosa.

The fields alongside the cycle-track between Horeb and Cynheidre have been drained, cleared and have now been "improved".  As part of the "improvement" process there is a large pile of manure and straw waiting to be spread and this is absolutely covered with a mass of these cup fungi, which had to be chiseled out in the freezing weather.

Peziza vesiculosa

As always corrections and/or suggestions are always welcomed.

Sunday, 18 February 2018

Fungus Meeting

Reminder: Fungus Meeting (3rd Tuesday of the month) - around 10.00am at NBGW.

Saturday, 17 February 2018

Crusts and Brackets.

Even though there is not much popping out of the ground at the moment, there are still plenty of Crusts and Brackets about to check over if you can muster the enthusiasm. To me however, the majority of these are far beyond any reasonable hope of ID, even with Paul Hugill's resupinate field guide. But every now and again you come across one that you can identify, ( usually with the help of greater minds among the facebook community) - they usually have a common name as well. Much of what I find are just variations of Hairy Curtain Crust (Stereum hirsutum) or Turkeytail (Trametes versicolor) but over time you can start building a small list of other species, some of which I have shown below - as always corrections are much appreciated.

Purplepore bracket, Trichaptum abietinum
 Purplepore bracket, Trichaptum abietinum, This is very common in Pembrey and Penybedd growing on the pine logs and stumps. It is a rather mundane, wizened-looking white bracket, that looks old even when it's not, but turn it over and it has a beautiful purple underside.

Netted crust, Byssomerulius corium

Netted crust, Byssomerulius corium,  is very common everywhere, little caps around the edge of branches that soon join to become a uniform white patch.

Common MazegillDatronia mollis

Common Mazegill, Datronia mollis. Not quite as common around here as it's name suggests. Maze structure clearly seen with good light. This one was growing on Willow

Toothed crust, Basidioradulum radula and Split-pore crust, Schizopora paradoxa.
Both these are found on small branches in broadleaf woods.. Not exciting until you look at them through a hand-lens when you can then see all the teeth, pores etc.

Toothed crust, Basidioradulum radula and Split-pore crust, Schizopora paradoxa

Stereum Hirsutu Look-alikes.

Stereum rugosum has a characteristic pink colour when it flattens out, unlike S. hisutum which is a lot more orange. When you scratch it it will bleed a reddish colour - hence the common name Bleeding Broadleaf Crust. Likewise S. subtomentosum, again looks similar but bleeds yellow and is called Yellowing Curtain Crust.

 Bleeding Broadleaf Crust, S.rugosum and Yellowing Curtain Crust, S. subtomtosum