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Tuesday, 1 December 2020

A Visit to Bishop's Palace, Carmarthen.

 

 

Not a large area but has been recently upgraded with some nice paths etc. Often felt though a lot more could be done with the ponds thereabouts. Plenty of Beeches and Ash cut down over the years so lots of tree trunks lying about. Plenty of parking and very near to main Carmarthen to Llandeilo road.





Common Stump Brittlestem, Psathyrella piluliformis.
Common Stump Brittlestem, Psathyrella piluliformis.

 

There were also Conical Brittlestem, Parasola conopilus.  I thought perhaps a few different mushrooms there but on checking with First-nature, it would appear they are all growth stages of the same species.

 
 

Coral spot Fungus, Nectria cinnabarina.
Coral spot Fungus, Nectria cinnabarina.

 
White brain and Leafy Brain Fungus.


Thursday, 19 November 2020

Amanita muscaria on LLanllywni Mountain.

 

Amanita muscaria (Fly Agaric).

 
 
 There is a small area on Llanllywni mountain that always gives a good display of Amanita muscaria (Fly Agaric). It is at the edge of a conifer plantation. The first photo was from last year when I visited around the middle of October. Left it a bit late going this year and it looked as if the best display was over - had to balance a few caps on their stems to get pictures. 
 
 
 
 

  
Amanita muscaria (Fly Agaric)
 
 
 
 
Also nearby was a forestry wood-chip pile containing a crowd of these brown mushrooms. I assumed that Google would give a pretty easy identity and so didn't spend too much time as it was on the side of the road.  I wished now I had a checked the roots and taken a couple more to sample, as I still have no real idea. I assume an Agrocybe species of some sort but any ideas??

A fire in Pembrey Forest!

 Last summer a small area of Pembrey Forest caught fire reducing many of the Corsican Pine trees to charred stumps. Though a tragedy for most of the forest wildlife it was a boost for Fungi as they have sprung up everywhere - some of the species having been rarely recorded in Wales.  

Daldinia fissa and spores.
 
Supposedly relatively  common on burnt gorse but I haven't seen it before. I made the mistake of leaving a couple of fruit-bodies on my desk and the next morning everything was black! 
 



Also growing on the burnt gorse was Schizophyllum commune (Split Gill Fungus). This is a real survivor as it can be found growing on those big black haylage rolls in farmer's fields, on beech logs in Waun Las and on burnt Gorse in Pembrey Forest. The Cockroach of the fungus world. Perhaps in the weeks after Armageddon when the smoke and the dust begins to clear, there will be S. commune making a living off the charred and twisted remains of Carmarthenshire's ancient woodland!



With free gills and pink spores, this had Pluteus cervinus (Deer Shield) written all over it but later it was noticed that the gill edges were definitely black. It turns out that this was Pluteus atromarginatus (Black edge Shield) -which favours burnt conifer wood - and this was later confimed by the presence of  "horns" on the cystidia. Although not rare it has very few Welsh records.

Pluteus atromarginatus (Black edge Shield)     Pluteus atromarginatus (Black edge Shield)


Pluteus atromarginatus (Black edge Shield)Pluteus atromarginatus (Black edge Shield)


Sharing the same bed as Pluteus atromarginatus, was Gymnopilus junonius (Splendid rustgill) and plenty of it. By all accounts it is not a lover of conifer wood but it looks so distinctive that I am sure that this is what it was - although would be happy to be corrected.

 Gymnopilus junonius (Splendid rustgill) on burnt conifer wood. Gymnopilus junonius (Splendid rustgill) on burnt conifer wood

 
 

 

 Another visitor to our charcoal ghost forest was the Bonfire Scalycap, Pholiota highlandensis, identified on Facebook by Geoffrey Kibby. This again is a species with very few Welsh records and will be another welcome addition to our end of year list. I was surprised that this was a Pholiota, as they have the common name Scalycaps, whereas as we can see from the photo alongside - these mushrooms look more like the Mitchell brothers. Having seen a few "true" Scalycaps I think there would be no contest in a beauty competition.




Not technically a fungus, indeed not even a fungus at all this Wool's milk slimemould also came along to enjoy the party.  What made it interesting however was that the individual fruit bodies don't usually grow this large or indeed overall to be so prolific - perhaps all the free food. There are a couple of types of these Woolf's milk slimemoulds but the spores and their pinkish brown colour identify this as Lycogala terrestre - the more common one!

 Lycogala terrestre  spores. 

                Wool's milk slimemould Lycogala terrestre  and spores.



Tuesday, 17 November 2020

Perhaps Agaricus menieri - though perhaps not!

 Last week I came across a small group of Agarics growing on the sand dunes at North Dock. (how on earth can they find anything to eat?). On the Fungus UK site, Geoffrey Kibby, kindly suggested that they were very probably A. xanthodermus (Yellow Stainer) but interestingly added that because of the minimal ring and spore size there is a possibility of it being A. menieri, a species reputed to be in the UK but as yet unconfirmed. Think I'll keep the dried cap just in case!

 

Agaricus xanthodermus (Yellow Stainer), spores.

Sunday, 1 November 2020

Swiss Valley Reservoir,

Grey Knight, Tricholoma terreum.
Grey Knight, Tricholoma terreum.

 

 

Growing the in mixed woodland around the reservoir, possibly Grey Knight, Tricholoma terreum.

 

 

 

 

 

Grey Knight, Tricholoma terreum. Grey Knight, Tricholoma terreum, spores

 

 
Wrinkled Fieldcap, Agrocybe rivulosa
Wrinkled Fieldcap, Agrocybe rivulosa

 

 

 

Wrinkled Fielcap growing on a woodchip pile. The mycelium seems to take over the woodchip mound.

 

 

 

Wrinkled Fieldcap and spores 

 
Sulphur Tuft,  Hypholoma fusiculare and spores

Sunday, 25 October 2020

More from around Furnace Ponds.

 

Leafy Brain, Tremella foliacea

Leafy Brain, Tremella foliacea

White Brain, Exidia thuretiana,

White Brain, Exidia thuretiana,

Blushing Bracket, Daedaleopsis confragosa
Blushing Bracket, Daedaleopsis confragosa   
Blushing Bracket, Daedaleopsis confragosa

Cobalt Crust, Terana caerulea

Sheathed woodtuft, Kuehneromyces mutabilis

Sheathed woodtuft, Kuehneromyces mutabilis

Sheathed woodtuft, Kuehneromyces mutabilis

Honey Fungus, Armillaria mellea




Saturday, 24 October 2020

Melanolouca grammopodia , the Grooved Cavalier

Walking around Furnace Ponds in Llanelli, I noticed a few mushrooms in the grass that I assumed to be Common cavalier, Melanoleuca polioleuca. There are a number of similar cavalier species which are difficult to distinguish, but as M. polioleuca is by far the most common I was happy to settle for that. A few feet away from them there was, what I assumed to be, a large funnel species with caps measuring around 15cms across. They were in a prominent place and looked so majestic that I didn't want to spoil the show by picking one so took a small piece of cap from one nearby that had been stood upon.

I checked the spores of the common cavalier and was happy that they were heavily warted and amyloid as would be expected. Though when checking the spores of the large "funnels" they were exactly the same and not smooth like a funnel - In fact I then also noticed the colouring etc of the caps were also identical. Checking on the BMS facebook page I now realise that there is a large-capped cavalier by the name of  M. grammopodia, and the powers that be suggested that this was what I had found. Probably the whole group would be the same as they were all together - which proves the adage that nothing is ever what you first think it is!

Melanolouca grammopodia, the Grooved Cavalier, 15 cms across.

Normal sized Cavalier

Melanolouca grammopodia spores
Melanolouca grammopodia spores.