Sunday, 18 February 2018

Fungus Meeting

Reminder: Fungus Meeting (3rd Tuesday of the month) - around 10.00am at NBGW.

Saturday, 17 February 2018

Crusts and Brackets.

Even though there is not much popping out of the ground at the moment, there are still plenty of Crusts and Brackets about to check over if you can muster the enthusiasm. To me however, the majority of these are far beyond any reasonable hope of ID, even with Paul Hugill's resupinate field guide. But every now and again you come across one that you can identify, ( usually with the help of greater minds among the facebook community) - they usually have a common name as well. Much of what I find are just variations of Hairy Curtain Crust (Stereum hirsutum) or Turkeytail (Trametes versicolor) but over time you can start building a small list of other species, some of which I have shown below - as always corrections are much appreciated.

Purplepore bracket, Trichaptum abietinum
 Purplepore bracket, Trichaptum abietinum, This is very common in Pembrey and Penybedd growing on the pine logs and stumps. It is a rather mundane, wizened-looking white bracket, that looks old even when it's not, but turn it over and it has a beautiful purple underside.

Netted crust, Byssomerulius corium

Netted crust, Byssomerulius corium,  is very common everywhere, little caps around the edge of branches that soon join to become a uniform white patch.

Common MazegillDatronia mollis

Common Mazegill, Datronia mollis. Not quite as common around here as it's name suggests. Maze structure clearly seen with good light. This one was growing on Willow

Toothed crust, Basidioradulum radula and Split-pore crust, Schizopora paradoxa.
Both these are found on small branches in broadleaf woods.. Not exciting until you look at them through a hand-lens when you can then see all the teeth, pores etc.

Toothed crust, Basidioradulum radula and Split-pore crust, Schizopora paradoxa

Stereum Hirsutu Look-alikes.

Stereum rugosum has a characteristic pink colour when it flattens out, unlike S. hisutum which is a lot more orange. When you scratch it it will bleed a reddish colour - hence the common name Bleeding Broadleaf Crust. Likewise S. subtomentosum, again looks similar but bleeds yellow and is called Yellowing Curtain Crust.

 Bleeding Broadleaf Crust, S.rugosum and Yellowing Curtain Crust, S. subtomtosum

Sunday, 11 February 2018

Recording Fungi in Carmarthenshire.

I understand that not everyone wants to bother to ID and record their finds, but if you would like to get involved there are a few recording options listed below:

We are starting a recording system for Carmarthenshire Fungi using iRecord.
I know Philip for one has misgivings about recording fungi, fearing that the problems involved in mis-identifying species will out weigh any benefits, but the iRecord system we would use has a number of in-built checks, which will become apparent with use, which would at least reduce this problem to a large extent.

Although easy to use, describing how it works here I feel would be counter productive and it would be best, if you are interested, to set up your own account and play around - you can always delete your records after. The Location tool is excellent but would need a bit of use to discover its potential.

There would be a number of ways you could use it:
(1) Start your own account and enter your own records - not just for fungi but for all wildlife records. Any fungi records you post for Carmarthenshire will be picked up by us.
(2) We have a "Carmarthenshire Fungi" account which you could use - all you will need then is our email address and password. This would be easier as all the Locations are (or would be)  already entered.
(3) If you record at the National Botanical Gardens you could use their account to add your records.

 Using iRecord will be straightforward in a short time but only if you  try it, reading about it doesn't work.  But:

(4) If you don't want anything to do with iRecord then just add your  record to the blogsite, with the necessary information and I'll put it on - I must stress that I would not be able to identify it for you. Facebook is excellent for displaying your finds, getting comments and adding many photos at one go and it has a number of options to use to get the ID.

To enter a record you will need as much info as possible - up to 4 photos (from all angles!), its location and if possible, spore colour, substrate, associated organism etc. etc. so that in the future the record could be verified. There are three levels of certainty to use so use "Certain" only if  you're  sure, otherwise use "Likely"  or even use "Uncertain"

Give it a go so that we can build up a database - we will decide what to do with that database at a later date. We will modify things as we go along.

If you are interested please let me know.

All the best.

Monday, 29 January 2018

Nice ID site

Stephanie added an interesting ID site to the facebook page called Pictorial Key to Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest so I shall add it to our "Resources" list for future reference.

Saturday, 27 January 2018

Fungus records in Carmarthenshire.

Further to our meeting last week I shall be setting up an iRecord account for keeping a record of our finds within the County. The requirements and procedures for entering a record will be discussed later but for the moment could you please let me know of any interesting sites you know of or have visited so that I can enter their locations in the system, the more the merrier, as this will make things a lot easier later. The NBGW will be treated as a separate entity and their records combined with ours at a later date.

Wednesday, 24 January 2018

Are things what they seem?

The most frustrating thing about looking for fungi is that even when your convinced you know something, you are usually wrong.

These were in a large tiered group on an old willow tree near Furnace ponds. They measured about 9 cms across and, because of the size and the time of year,  I assumed they must be Oyster mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus. When I took one home however the spores were completely the wrong size and shape and besides that, they darkened in Meltzer's (amyloid), whereas Pleurotus spores are inamyloid.  I put my dilemma on the UK Fungi website and the concensus of opinion was that they were Olive oysterling, Panellus serotinus. Which I have found before on a number of occasions and it has always been ~ 3-5 cms across and distinctively olive in colour - all very confusing!

Velvet shank, Flammulina velupites, is quite common at this time of year and can form large groups so you can hardly miss them. These below were growing on willow. Again I took some home for a look at the spores and again they were the wrong size. They were much larger, with a bigger length/width ratio.  I found some like this last year as well and it would appear that there is another Flammulina species, Flammulina elastica, which has these characteristics. There are only a few records but that, so I am told, is not because it is rare but because everyone assumes it is the common one.

 Flammulina elastica, on Willow with larger spores (?)

And at this time of year there is the ongoing conundrum of whether it is a Scarlet or Ruby Elfcup.

When you go bird-watching, if it is a blackbird with a white ring around its neck then it is a Ring Ouzel - it's a pity the same doesn't go for fungi!

Sunday, 14 January 2018

How about a meeting!

As regards a meeting of Carmarthenshire Fungus Group (If we are one??), Stephanie has suggested that the Ashburnham Golf Club could be a suitable venue.

We need a meeting because for as long as we can all remember Philip has always been around to organise, encourage, educate and in general keep fungus issues alive in Carmarthenshire, but has regretfully mentioned that he would like to take a step back from this role in the future.

If you don't want fungi to become the poor relation among the wildlife of Carmarthenshire, please try and meet up soon (within a fortnight) to find a way forward.

Your active comments, as regards program, venue, time, day of week, etc. etc. would be appreciated.

Tuesday, 9 January 2018

Vivid orange resupinate fungus

This strip of vivid orange fungus on a fallen branch was so eye-catching I had to stop the car and photograph it.  It was just SW of Gwernogle, so a central Carmarthenshire record.  It doesn't seem to match anything in Phillips, unless it is bright Stereum hirsutum.  What do people think?

Monday, 8 January 2018

Sorry it's been a while!

Tremella steidleri

Sandbanks finds...                                                      

Lycoperdon sp.
Clitocybe sp.

Physarum polycephalum.
Growing over a tremella sp. Or feeding off it???
It was over 50 cm in length.

Muciliago crustacea.
Tremella sp. I had hoped was the lesser recorded one,
 my microscopy skills (not good) seemed to
show it was the common one.
Psilocybe semilanceata.

Still not sure what this was after going in
 lots of circles in the book as well as on the ground!!

From right hand side to left with Mattie modelling for scale!
Gets bigger every year. 

Ink caps. 
Really tall Jelly baby. 

Wood blewit. 

Earth tongue. 

Some more funnels.
Bright slime mould.

                   This skink horn lasted well over a month.
                Maybe due to the cold weather?
                  Normally they are gone in a few days.

Mysterious orange blobs appeared?
Two weeks later, these appeared.

Tuesday, 2 January 2018

Happy New Year Everyone

I hope everyone had lots of fungi gifts for Christmas
The weather has been hit and miss and being the festive season I haven’t been out much but I did get a new Pentax WG-10 camera which I’m trying out this week so will have some photos soon

Here’s to successful 2018 fungi hunting- let’s try and find some of the LAFF species again and get Carmarthenshire high up on the Fungi map

Tuesday, 12 December 2017

Still a few mushrooms around the Lliedi Reservoir despite the frost.

Found these around the lower Lliedi Reservoir, even after the hard frost we have been having. I assume it is a Clitocybe but could be wrong. It was quite large at around 9cms across which I thought would narrow it down but couldn't find a match as the spores were quite small at ~ 5.3 x 3.1 ┬Ám.


The psathyrella growing in wood chip and leaf litter  was very tall around 12 cms and very hairy at the base of the stem so I would be taking it as Rootlet Brittlestem, Psathyrella microrhiza as spores fit and there was a slight pink colour to the gill edges. Quite common but still nice to see.

There was also a mass of Clustered domecap, Lyophyllum decastes.

Monday, 20 November 2017

Orange Peel Fungi at Pembrey

Lovely vivid orange

Caving trip turned out a good find.

Hypocreopsis rhododendri

Hazel gloves

I found this bright specimen outside a cave near Pendine on the weekend. The first I've seen growing on Hazel! 

Wednesday, 15 November 2017

Identity discovered!!

Peter found a mushroom a few days ago in the Great glasshouse.

Confusion reigned as, amongst other things, we could not decide whether the spores were light orange brown or light pinkish brown, but after a lot of to-ing and fro-ing we have finally had an answer.

If you are interested in what it is, have a look at all the comings and goings on our facebook page.

Upper Lleidi Reservoir

Took a walk around the Upper Lleidi Reservoir - a few stragglers about but not very productive.

 A Gluecrust, Hymenochaete corrugata, searched desperately for a pair of Hazel Gloves which feeds on it. No luck however - one day I'll find some and then I can move up to the Premier League! 
Talking of Hymenochaete, as you do! also found what I think is Oak Curtain Crust, Hymenochaete rubiginosa. Must have seen it before as it is quite common but never really noticed it. 

Hymenochaete corrugata and Hymenochaete rubiginosa

Also plenty of Ochre Brittlegill about and still fruiting. A little brown mushroom growing on an old log looked like a small Deceiver, Laccaria lacata, but gave a brown spore print - which now would suggests the Felty Twiglet, Tubaria conspersa. There weresome lilac fibrecaps, Inocybe geophylla var. lilacina, and a white mushroom, which I can't identify - possibly a woodwax but I don't really know much about those.

Also came across this purple jelly disc. There are two common types:  Ascocoryne sarcoides and A. cylichnium. According to Pat O'Reilly this would be the rather less common A. cylichnium because it has much larger spores (~25 um)  and retains its cup-like form.

Purple Jelly Disc, Ascocoryne cylichnium