Thursday, 19 April 2018

Strange red fungus

Came across this strange red fungus on a submerged branch in a bog and thought this could be interesting. But having taken a look at the spores when I got home I was disappointed to see that they were identical to Scarlet Elf Cup. So not new to Science after all!

Monday, 16 April 2018

Update on the last post and a few more finds.

Philip has sent me a bit more information regarding my last post, the Monilinia johnsonii. 
As hawthorn is such a common tree there are only occasional records with a few being from Wales. This makes me wonder is it just hard to spot with all the leaf litter at this time of year? As we must have hundreds on our land...
I have also been advised to look out for any leaves with black/brown patches from April to June, which should have a sweet smelling grey to buff coloured mould on them. This mould should be composed of chains of spherical conidia. This part said to be very common! So keep your eyes peeled people. 

Kretzschmaria deusta. Brittle cinder fungus.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

On First Nature this fungus is described as "a seriously worrying plant pathogen" as it causes soft rot. 
I found this on a very dead fallen Beech tree. It is an amazing colour at this stage but apparently turns black and goes brittle.This being a possible reason for it being under recorded as it looks like charred wood.  

Below: No clue on the mushroom but spot the Uromyces dactylidis! 

Sunday, 15 April 2018

Tuesday meeting.

Are we having a meeting this Tuesday, if so any ideas?

Thursday, 12 April 2018

Latest find in the Sandbanks...

A few years running we have spotted these so I posted them on the Facebook page for some help... 
Rich Wright has suggested they are Monilinia johnsonii and sent me this good link   
I just love the name 'Haw goblets'! 

Friday, 23 March 2018

Tubaria furfuracea --- Scurfy Twiglet

Further to Philip's post below. I have now checked the gill-edge cystidia under the microscope, there were plenty there  and they would seem to point to the Scurfy Twiglet - what do you think Philip?

Thursday, 22 March 2018

Tubaria furfuracea --- Scurfy Twiglet

This is possibly Tubaria furfuracea found in Pembrey C Park on 9th March.  Left in place to see in a few days.  Further photos on 13th and collected on 17th when it seemed to have gills attaced to a collar (like Marasmius rotula). However there was very cold weather over these days and the ring pattern has occurred due to frost damage pulling the gills away from the stipe.  At least this is what I think has happened ---- but an elegant effect!  In the first pic. there is a faint annular zone on the stipe.
Colin did microscopy and spores would fit (shape and size) but cystidia at gill edge not looked at which would confirm.  Colour of spore print --- ochre-brown would also fit.
This was all on it's own but usually found grouped together.

Monday, 12 March 2018

Sneaking in an ID request from across the border

Found this on a cut branch of hawthorn at The Wildlife Centre at Cilgerran but though the the Carmarthenshire fungi expertise could help me out! Thanks folks.


Saturday, 10 March 2018

Compiling a new email list.

There have been a number of emails going about lately, this time about the new BMS recording site, and it is obvious that not everyone is on the recipient list. Our email list at the moment is woefully out of date and/or inaccurate, and it would make sense to create a new list with anyone who may be interested in receiving general information.

I think it may be best to start afresh so if you want to be on the list please send an email to from your current email address.

Monday, 5 March 2018

Some recent additions to Carmarthenshire Fungi iRecord site.

Branched Oyster, Pleurotus cornucopiae.

Recorded in the mixed woodland around the Upper Lleidi Reservoir. Called Branched Oyster because it has a number of fruit-bodies growing from the same stem. Growing on a fallen Birch trunk.

 Branched Oyster, Pleurotus cornucopiae

Smokey Bracket, Bjerkandera adusta.

Again at the Upper Lleidi Reservoir this time on an Oak stump, a rather large Smokey bracket with its characteristic grey underside.

 Smokey Bracket, Bjerkandera adusta.

Peziza domiciliana.

I found this growing between the bricks on my doorstep. Quite small, although I stepped on a larger one, with a small root and fibres of mycelium. Put it on the BMS facebook site where Richard Shotbolt suggested it was likely to be Peziza domiciliana. But difficult to be certain, so I have entered it as such on the iRecord site. The good thing about ascomycetes is that they give lovely pictures under the microscope.

Gloeophyllum abietinum.

Growing on a pine pole used as a  Alder tree-support post, this resupinate strange fungus was found at the Ashpits Ponds Local Nature Reserve.  This reserve would be an ideal place for a foray later in the year.

Gloeophyllum abietinum.
Alder Tongue
Taphrina alni.

Alder Tongue Taphrina alni.

On the Alder trees one of which was supported by the post above, there were a number of Alder Tongue,  Taphrina alni.
"Taphrina alni is a fungal plant pathogen that causes Alder Tongue Gall, a chemically induced distortion of female Alder catkins
. "

Must remember to call back later in the year to get a picture of some fresh new ones!

Blistered Cup, Peziza vesiculosa.

The fields alongside the cycle-track between Horeb and Cynheidre have been drained, cleared and have now been "improved".  As part of the "improvement" process there is a large pile of manure and straw waiting to be spread and this is absolutely covered with a mass of these cup fungi, which had to be chiseled out in the freezing weather.

Peziza vesiculosa

As always corrections and/or suggestions are always welcomed.

Sunday, 18 February 2018

Fungus Meeting

Reminder: Fungus Meeting (3rd Tuesday of the month) - around 10.00am at NBGW.

Saturday, 17 February 2018

Crusts and Brackets.

Even though there is not much popping out of the ground at the moment, there are still plenty of Crusts and Brackets about to check over if you can muster the enthusiasm. To me however, the majority of these are far beyond any reasonable hope of ID, even with Paul Hugill's resupinate field guide. But every now and again you come across one that you can identify, ( usually with the help of greater minds among the facebook community) - they usually have a common name as well. Much of what I find are just variations of Hairy Curtain Crust (Stereum hirsutum) or Turkeytail (Trametes versicolor) but over time you can start building a small list of other species, some of which I have shown below - as always corrections are much appreciated.

Purplepore bracket, Trichaptum abietinum
 Purplepore bracket, Trichaptum abietinum, This is very common in Pembrey and Penybedd growing on the pine logs and stumps. It is a rather mundane, wizened-looking white bracket, that looks old even when it's not, but turn it over and it has a beautiful purple underside.

Netted crust, Byssomerulius corium

Netted crust, Byssomerulius corium,  is very common everywhere, little caps around the edge of branches that soon join to become a uniform white patch.

Common MazegillDatronia mollis

Common Mazegill, Datronia mollis. Not quite as common around here as it's name suggests. Maze structure clearly seen with good light. This one was growing on Willow

Toothed crust, Basidioradulum radula and Split-pore crust, Schizopora paradoxa.
Both these are found on small branches in broadleaf woods.. Not exciting until you look at them through a hand-lens when you can then see all the teeth, pores etc.

Toothed crust, Basidioradulum radula and Split-pore crust, Schizopora paradoxa

Stereum Hirsutu Look-alikes.

Stereum rugosum has a characteristic pink colour when it flattens out, unlike S. hisutum which is a lot more orange. When you scratch it it will bleed a reddish colour - hence the common name Bleeding Broadleaf Crust. Likewise S. subtomentosum, again looks similar but bleeds yellow and is called Yellowing Curtain Crust.

 Bleeding Broadleaf Crust, S.rugosum and Yellowing Curtain Crust, S. subtomtosum

Sunday, 11 February 2018

Recording Fungi in Carmarthenshire.

I understand that not everyone wants to bother to ID and record their finds, but if you would like to get involved there are a few recording options listed below:

We are starting a recording system for Carmarthenshire Fungi using iRecord.
I know Philip for one has misgivings about recording fungi, fearing that the problems involved in mis-identifying species will out weigh any benefits, but the iRecord system we would use has a number of in-built checks, which will become apparent with use, which would at least reduce this problem to a large extent.

Although easy to use, describing how it works here I feel would be counter productive and it would be best, if you are interested, to set up your own account and play around - you can always delete your records after. The Location tool is excellent but would need a bit of use to discover its potential.

There would be a number of ways you could use it:
(1) Start your own account and enter your own records - not just for fungi but for all wildlife records. Any fungi records you post for Carmarthenshire will be picked up by us.
(2) We have a "Carmarthenshire Fungi" account which you could use - all you will need then is our email address and password. This would be easier as all the Locations are (or would be)  already entered.
(3) If you record at the National Botanical Gardens you could use their account to add your records.

 Using iRecord will be straightforward in a short time but only if you  try it, reading about it doesn't work.  But:

(4) If you don't want anything to do with iRecord then just add your  record to the blogsite, with the necessary information and I'll put it on - I must stress that I would not be able to identify it for you. Facebook is excellent for displaying your finds, getting comments and adding many photos at one go and it has a number of options to use to get the ID.

To enter a record you will need as much info as possible - up to 4 photos (from all angles!), its location and if possible, spore colour, substrate, associated organism etc. etc. so that in the future the record could be verified. There are three levels of certainty to use so use "Certain" only if  you're  sure, otherwise use "Likely"  or even use "Uncertain"

Give it a go so that we can build up a database - we will decide what to do with that database at a later date. We will modify things as we go along.

If you are interested please let me know.

All the best.

Monday, 29 January 2018

Nice ID site

Stephanie added an interesting ID site to the facebook page called Pictorial Key to Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest so I shall add it to our "Resources" list for future reference.

Saturday, 27 January 2018

Fungus records in Carmarthenshire.

Further to our meeting last week I shall be setting up an iRecord account for keeping a record of our finds within the County. The requirements and procedures for entering a record will be discussed later but for the moment could you please let me know of any interesting sites you know of or have visited so that I can enter their locations in the system, the more the merrier, as this will make things a lot easier later. The NBGW will be treated as a separate entity and their records combined with ours at a later date.

Wednesday, 24 January 2018

Are things what they seem?

The most frustrating thing about looking for fungi is that even when your convinced you know something, you are usually wrong.

These were in a large tiered group on an old willow tree near Furnace ponds. They measured about 9 cms across and, because of the size and the time of year,  I assumed they must be Oyster mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus. When I took one home however the spores were completely the wrong size and shape and besides that, they darkened in Meltzer's (amyloid), whereas Pleurotus spores are inamyloid.  I put my dilemma on the UK Fungi website and the concensus of opinion was that they were Olive oysterling, Panellus serotinus. Which I have found before on a number of occasions and it has always been ~ 3-5 cms across and distinctively olive in colour - all very confusing!

Velvet shank, Flammulina velupites, is quite common at this time of year and can form large groups so you can hardly miss them. These below were growing on willow. Again I took some home for a look at the spores and again they were the wrong size. They were much larger, with a bigger length/width ratio.  I found some like this last year as well and it would appear that there is another Flammulina species, Flammulina elastica, which has these characteristics. There are only a few records but that, so I am told, is not because it is rare but because everyone assumes it is the common one.

 Flammulina elastica, on Willow with larger spores (?)

And at this time of year there is the ongoing conundrum of whether it is a Scarlet or Ruby Elfcup.

When you go bird-watching, if it is a blackbird with a white ring around its neck then it is a Ring Ouzel - it's a pity the same doesn't go for fungi!

Sunday, 14 January 2018

How about a meeting!

As regards a meeting of Carmarthenshire Fungus Group (If we are one??), Stephanie has suggested that the Ashburnham Golf Club could be a suitable venue.

We need a meeting because for as long as we can all remember Philip has always been around to organise, encourage, educate and in general keep fungus issues alive in Carmarthenshire, but has regretfully mentioned that he would like to take a step back from this role in the future.

If you don't want fungi to become the poor relation among the wildlife of Carmarthenshire, please try and meet up soon (within a fortnight) to find a way forward.

Your active comments, as regards program, venue, time, day of week, etc. etc. would be appreciated.

Tuesday, 9 January 2018

Vivid orange resupinate fungus

This strip of vivid orange fungus on a fallen branch was so eye-catching I had to stop the car and photograph it.  It was just SW of Gwernogle, so a central Carmarthenshire record.  It doesn't seem to match anything in Phillips, unless it is bright Stereum hirsutum.  What do people think?

Monday, 8 January 2018

Sorry it's been a while!

Tremella steidleri

Sandbanks finds...                                                      

Lycoperdon sp.
Clitocybe sp.

Physarum polycephalum.
Growing over a tremella sp. Or feeding off it???
It was over 50 cm in length.

Muciliago crustacea.
Tremella sp. I had hoped was the lesser recorded one,
 my microscopy skills (not good) seemed to
show it was the common one.
Psilocybe semilanceata.

Still not sure what this was after going in
 lots of circles in the book as well as on the ground!!

From right hand side to left with Mattie modelling for scale!
Gets bigger every year. 

Ink caps. 
Really tall Jelly baby. 

Wood blewit. 

Earth tongue. 

Some more funnels.
Bright slime mould.

                   This skink horn lasted well over a month.
                Maybe due to the cold weather?
                  Normally they are gone in a few days.

Mysterious orange blobs appeared?
Two weeks later, these appeared.