Saturday, 9 December 2017

Future Fungus Records in Carmarthenshire.

I would suspect that most people would rather follow their wildlife interests by being out in the countryside; hunting, photographing and perhaps trying to identify whatever it is that they came out in search for. This is the real pleasure, but deep down we also know that making a systematic record of what we find is also important and would be beneficial to a greater good. However with all our noble intentions and with the best will in the world, the majority of us never actually get around to doing anything about it.  This year some excellent posts on our facebook page and our blogsite has really highlighted this problem, so could I suggest that we try and change things for 2018 and into the future, by getting together early next year to devise a way forward.

Could I also suggest that all  those interested have a look at iRecord as being a possible way of inputting our information. It appears straightforward and can cater for a number of different levels of certainty when it comes to identification - which I believe would encourage many more people to input their records.  Anybody can open a free account and can get started straight away to see how the system works but in the end we could start an account for "Fungi of Carmarthenshire" to which everybody could individually enter their information.

The British Mycological Society will be using a form of iRecord for their own records and so our records would be in the correct format to be passed on  at a later date. Volunteers could also add previous records to the database, collect info from our facebook page and blogsite  and also help those who are really averse to committing sightings to print.  Everything can be sorted out at our arranged get together, suffice to say for now that anyone interested just have a quick look at how it works.

Please let me know if you would like to be involved.

Monday, 20 November 2017

Orange Peel Fungi at Pembrey

Lovely vivid orange

Caving trip turned out a good find.

Hypocreopsis rhododendri

Hazel gloves

I found this bright specimen outside a cave near Pendine on the weekend. The first I've seen growing on Hazel! 

Wednesday, 15 November 2017

Identity discovered!!

Peter found a mushroom a few days ago in the Great glasshouse.

Confusion reigned as, amongst other things, we could not decide whether the spores were light orange brown or light pinkish brown, but after a lot of to-ing and fro-ing we have finally had an answer.

If you are interested in what it is, have a look at all the comings and goings on our facebook page.

Upper Lleidi Reservoir

Took a walk around the Upper Lleidi Reservoir - a few stragglers about but not very productive.

 A Gluecrust, Hymenochaete corrugata, searched desperately for a pair of Hazel Gloves which feeds on it. No luck however - one day I'll find some and then I can move up to the Premier League! 
Talking of Hymenochaete, as you do! also found what I think is Oak Curtain Crust, Hymenochaete rubiginosa. Must have seen it before as it is quite common but never really noticed it. 

Hymenochaete corrugata and Hymenochaete rubiginosa

Also plenty of Ochre Brittlegill about and still fruiting. A little brown mushroom growing on an old log looked like a small Deceiver, Laccaria lacata, but gave a brown spore print - which now would suggests the Felty Twiglet, Tubaria conspersa. There weresome lilac fibrecaps, Inocybe geophylla var. lilacina, and a white mushroom, which I can't identify - possibly a woodwax but I don't really know much about those.

Also came across this purple jelly disc. There are two common types:  Ascocoryne sarcoides and A. cylichnium. According to Pat O'Reilly this would be the rather less common A. cylichnium because it has much larger spores (~25 um)  and retains its cup-like form.

Purple Jelly Disc, Ascocoryne cylichnium


Thursday, 9 November 2017

Hazel Gloves at Green Castle Woods

Hypocreopsis rhododendri - Hazel Gloves 

Willow Gloves at Green Castle Woods

Willow Gloves - Hypocreopsis lichenoides

Wednesday, 8 November 2017

Porpolomopsis calyptriformis - Pink Waxcap

Porpolomopsis calyptriformis - Pink Waxcap
At Dolau Fan cemetery in Burry Port

Monday, 30 October 2017

Perfect find for a frosty morning.

Cuphophyllus virgineus.

Snowy waxcap.

Looking snowier than usual.

Sunday, 29 October 2017

Inside the Great Glasshouse today , the welcome return of Lepiota cristata , Stinking Dapperling - we found a single specimen  a few years ago . Today there were several hidden beneath some of the plants - the description 'stinking' is a bit harsh but it does smell of a quite strong organic chemical. It should  be enough to put off people mistaking it for an edible agaric (considered to be poisonous ).

Thursday, 26 October 2017

Gymnopilus jujonius and Hygrocybe pratensis

Gymnopilus jujonius = Spectacular Rustgill seen in Pembrey forest today.  slugs having a feast.  Although common, it is always a spectacular sight.

In 'People's Park' in the centre of Llanelli.

These Hygrocybe pratensis var pratensis, Meadow Waxcap were in very thick grass and only just visible.  Nice to see at the centre of town.

Hygrocybe pratensis var palida, Pale Waxcap.  These were very close to the above, also peeping out from dense grass ---- flattened for photo.
This is  less common (700) than var.pratensis (7,000) records on FRDBI.

Wednesday, 25 October 2017


for those that already use it
I have set up a Facebook group a link below

Monday, 23 October 2017

Destroying Angel in Dinefwr

Found a destroying angel Amanita virosa in a beech copse in Dinefwr Park yesterday. Never seen it before. The fungi-rich copse is one of the circles of trees on the right side of the driveway into the park (other copses are dominated by sycamore and sweet chestnut and have little obvious mycological interest). One source I read about the extremely poisonous destroying angel says it tastes of cucumber - I wonder if the taster survived.

Strange fungus on rhododendron

One of our Botanic Garden horticulturalists, Ayshea, spotted these ghostly white fruiting bodies on the roots of a Rhododendron vaseyi that had been dug up from the Botanic Garden's Double Walled Garden.
I put the image on Twitter and got a great response from Brian 'Lost and Found' Douglas. He sent me a paper that explained that ericas and rhododendrons don't have hairy roots but instead are often wrapped in mycelium. This may be Clavaria argillacea which may be providing phosphorous to the plant. Has anyone seen these before? I've been asked to send a sample to Kew.

Sunday, 22 October 2017

Sandbanks Foray 7th October 2017

Further to our outing to Sandbanks wood which was a joint meeting with Wildlife Trust of South and West Wales and Llanelli Naturalists,  we have listed below the species seen. If you remember anything else please add it on or put it in the components section. The weather was good and in all about 17 people met at the Park & Ride car-park for the short walk up to Di & Emily's wood. Yet again fungi started to to be found as soon as you stepped through the gate and continued to appear throughout the walk. It really is an amazingly reliable  place as far as fungi are concerned.

The highlights of the day must be the Piggyback rosegill (Volvariella surrecta  ),growing on clouded funnel, (click here to see Di's pictures of how it grew over the next few days), The Hazel Gloves (Hypocreopsis rhododendri) giving a really nice display alongside the path and the Brown Brain Fungus (Tremella steidleri), a nationally rare species  that has now shown itself twice in Carmarthenshire over the last few days.

  Brown Brain Fungus (Tremella steidleri) and Hazel Gloves (Hypocreopsis rhododendri).

Apart from these however we also had:
Honey Fungus (Armillaria mellea), Meadow Waxcap (Hygrocybe pratensis), Balckening Waxcap, (Hygrocybe conica),  Agaricus Moelleri, Deceiver (laccaria lacatta- also Amethsy Deceiver), Clouded Funnel (Clitocybe nebularis), Sulphur Tuft (Hypholoma fusiculare), Buttercap (Rhodocollybia butyracea), Viscid Earthtongue (Glutinoglossum glutinosum), Eyelash Fungi (probably Scuttelinia scutelata), Tawny Funnel (Lepista flacida), Common Funnel (Clitocybe gibba), Hairy Curtain Crust (Stereum hirsutum - making itself the meal of the Brown Brain Fungus),Daedaleopsis confragosa), Cramp Balls (daldinia concentrica), Beechwoodwart (Hypoxylon fragiforme), Beech Jellydisk (Neobulgaria pura), Turkey Tail (trametes versicolor), Omphalia sp. Common earthball( Scleroderma citrium) and Scaly earthball ( s.verrucosum), Stump Puffball (Lycoperdon pyriforme), Candlesnuff (Xylaria hypoxylon).

Once again a big thanks to Di and Emily!

Saturday, 21 October 2017

Another Brown Brain Fungus?

Perhaps Brown Brain Fungus, Tremella steidleri.

Came across this yesterday at Furnace Ponds. Again it was growing on an old Oak branch that also had Hairy Curtain Crust, Stereum hirsutum. It was quite dry and shriveled but it revived when I put a small piece into water. Wondering if it is another piece of Brown Brain, Tremella steidleri?

Friday, 20 October 2017

Fungus Day Bears Fruit

I've written a blog about this year's Fungus Day.
I've looked back a few years to when we started. Let me know if I've forgotten something or someone .... Ta, Bruce

Thursday, 19 October 2017

Sandbanks foray 7th October 2017

Joint meeting with the local Wildlife Trust and Llanelli Naturalists.

In November 2014 Dad identified a Piggyback Rosegill (Volvariella surrecta) growing on Clouded Funnel (Clitocybe nebularis). A first record for Wales.
On the foray we spotted some small balls growing on Clouded Funnel. We hoped they would turn out to be more Piggyback Rosegill. We watched and waited with excitement and weren't disappointed.
1. Tiny balls spotted on the 7th.
2. Five days later the balls grew bigger. (12th)
3. By the next day they had split open. (13th)
4. On the 14th their caps had emerged.
5. On the 15th they were fully formed. 

Tuesday, 17 October 2017

Small brown Asco??

 Philip, I wonder if you would  have any idea what this small brown cup fungus might be. Stephanie found it on Saturday at Pont Felin Gat. It measured about 8mm across and seemed to have a bit of a thread as a root. It was on recently cleared ground at the top where the beech trees have been cleared, but there was no sign of burnt ground.

The asci tips did turn blue with iodine and were about 125-140 x 7-8 µm and spores measured ~ 10x5 µm

Saturday, 14 October 2017

Geastrum lageniforme = Flask-shaped Earthstar

This small earthstar was found by Stephanie in Penybedd plantation at the begining of Oct.  As the spore sac is so small I think this must be G.lageniforme.  It is similar to G.triplex with rather thick rays but, although these may crack, it does not form a collar.  The spore sac is just 1-2 cm wide (G.triplex has spore sac 2-4 cm). 

This is G.lageniforme from Pembrey Country Park found lat year.  Many features are the same as with G.triplex including the periostome (sac opening).  It is a RDL (red data list) species with fewer than 50 records on the BMS database.  Of these, several records are from Wales.

Friday, 13 October 2017

The 'Stars'

i just love all these