Monday, 18 September 2017

Clathrus archerei - A first record for Wales.

Clathrus archerei, Devil's fingers.
This weird and wonderful funus is a member of the stinkhorn family and is called  Clathrus archerei, Devil's fingers. It was found by Lynne  Sharpe at her farm in Llansawel.

Philip has made the following comments, which he has asked me to add:

"From what I can see this is the first record for Wales ---- just 100 records on the 'fungus database for UK' so a very nice find.  Originally described from Tasmania and found in Australia and New Zealand.  First recorded in Europe in 1914 (???? troops from Australia --- just a thought) from the Voges region of France.

In Britain, 1945 Penzance and then 1976 in West Kent.  Majority of records from southern England, Cornwall, Kent, Sussex and Channel Isles.  1994 Gloustershire and 2014, Shropshire.
It may well be found in the same general area from year to year so look out when cutting your meadows.  Was thought it might be found more often with woodchip used in gardens but your spot may be dead grasses/straw."

 Well done Lynne!

Thursday, 14 September 2017

Melanophyllum haematospermum = Red Spored Dapperling

How many of us might see the brown cap of a small fungus and pass by thinking --- just another 'little brown job'?  Not Stephanie with inquisitive mind!  
Found in Penybedd wood ---- bit of wood just over railway bridge leading to Pembrey Country Park.  She found it end of August.
Turn it over and ------ WOW ---- what colour of gills.  Uncommon / rare.  Scattered over GB with a very few records from Wales.

Well spotted as usual Stephanie.

Tuesday, 12 September 2017

Further pics of Great Glasshouse finds plus Leucocoprinus birnbaumii , the Plantpot Dapperling which looks a bit like Sulphur Tuft but the cap was extremely delicate. Hope the other two have useful additional I.D. features.

Sunday, 10 September 2017

Friday, 8 September 2017

Strange red fungus(?)

Perhaps Serratia marcesens.?

Back in July Stephanie put a post on the site that included this odd-looking species, mostly red, with brown and white bits. It was growing on a spruce log in Llyn Llech Owain. Looking through various books nothing really suited it bearing in mind its striking colours. I have never been a fan of Facebook, but recently I have come to realise that there are some super Mushroom ID sites on there, some with many 1,000s of members and so easy just to pop your picture on. Which I did with Stephanie's specimen and someone has come back saying that it is probably a fungus that has been infected with the bacteria Serratia marcescens. He may be wrong but it certainly looks like a viable option.

By a strange coincidence last week Colin Miles showed me something he found growing on a branch in his garden and it has the same combination of red, brown and white -shown below, although it was far smaller. In this case it certainly looks like the red bits have settled onto some sort of fungus base. So perhaps it is the same sort of bacterial infection. Also a few days afterwards I found what seems to be the same sort of fungus with the brown and white colouring but without the red contamination. All fascinating stuff isn't it!

Thursday, 7 September 2017

Greenhouse Fungi

I'm running a couple of fungi walks around the Botanic Garden for our first Science, Nature and Comedy Festival on the weekend of 16/17 Sept 1-2pm. A great excuse to go out looking for new fruitng bodies and was chuffed to find this beautiful plantpot dapperling Leucocoprinus birnbaumii in our Plas Pilipala butterfly house. New to me - supposedly common in greenhouses but not often formally recorded in the UK.

Wednesday, 6 September 2017

Some Fungus sightings from the last couple of weeks

Any corrections or additions are warmly welcomed.

Larch woods south of Ffos Las Racecourse.

Sticky Bolete, Suillus viscidus.

An interesting site because of all the Larch trees, though much of it is surrounded by fencing, which can make it a bit awkward. More or less guaranteed to find the Larch Bolete (Suillus grevillei) with its slimy orange brown cap but a rarer one which, was found nearby last year as well, is the Sticky Bolete, Suillus viscidus.  Large amounts of Butter cap Rhodocollybia butyracea and a Hebeloma species which may or may not be "Poisonpie". Though the most dramatic displays were given by the masses of Saffron Milkcap  Lactarius deliciosus and Plums and Custard  Tricholomopsis rutilans


Helvella macropus.
Furnace Ponds.

Nice walk around the pond but most fungi are along the woodland paths that set off in various directions. Came across this weird mushroom growing alongside the track. Couldn't see any gills or pores either - actually didn't know which way up to place it to get a spore print. Eventually worked out it was an Ascomycete and then from the spores found out it was Helvella macropus a cousin of the Elfin Saddle.  Other finds were a huge pair of King Alfred's Cakes, Daldinia concentrica, they must have been over 10 cms across, and a really lovely Death Cap, Amanita phalloides

 Usk Reservoir.

Wood Wooly Foot, Gymnopus peronatus
On the other side of the reservoir, just inside Carmarthenshire!, there is a nice Beech wood, alongside the track full of  Beech Milkcaps, and a number of unidentified cortinarius and inocybe species. The little fella on the left I take to be called the Wood Wooly Foot, Gymnopus peronatus - or if it is not called that  then it certainly should be!

Further along there is an area of Birch woodland which had Fly Agaric, Amanita muscaria, and a lovely display of large Orange Grisette, Amanita crocea, in various stage of muturity.

Trawscoed Wood, NBGW.

Cortinarius torvus.

 Always a good place. In a short time and in a small area came across the cortinarius opposite, which from the swollen base and unusual veil remnants halfway up the stipe would seem to be the Stocking Webcap, Cortinarius Torvus.  Also a Grisette, Amanita vaginata, a large area of Peppery Milkcap, Lactarius piperatus, some  colourful russula under the beech trees, which I believe are Charcoal Burner, Russula cyanoxanth and some Fluted Bird's Nest, Cyathus striatus.


Tuesday, 22 August 2017

Some fairly common fungi over the past few days

Nothing exotic like Co;in or Stephanie just some ordinary signs of things to come. .
Lactarius controversus is one of the largest Lactarius species.  I find in this area it is usually with Willow and may form large rings, a above.  With age it goes a bit pink and the gills in this pic seem a bit pink.  The milk is acrid but at first it seemed fairly mild --- then it got hot.  At several spots in Pembrey forest.                                 

 Good to see Leotia lubrica Jelly Babies this year, these from Stradey Woods.
Also good to see Coprinellus disseminatus Fairy Inkcap carpeting the base of a rotten tree.  these from Kidwelli, Kymer's canal.

Tuesday, 15 August 2017

Lower Lliedi Reservoir

Walking along the cycle track by the Lower Lliedi Reservoir I came across a large group of mushrooms. By the time I got a few home I knew they must be called stinking "something", as the smell was terrible. However because they were so big I didn't realise they were Russulas until I saw their warty spores. Checking up there is a large russula called the Stinking Brittlegill (Russula foetens), which seems to fit the bill exactly.  There must have been over 40 and some were nearly 20 cms across. They were somewhat passed their sell-by date but a week or so ago they must have been a magnificent sight.

Among others I also came across a Wood Hedgehog (Hydnum repandum),  with its decurrent spines and a small delicate white mushroom, which looked very much like a dapperling. Because it was so fragile I thought it may have been a Fragile dapperling ( Leucocoprinus fragilissimus), which looks very similar but on this one the spores were far too small.

Friday, 4 August 2017

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Wednesday, 2 August 2017

A stroll around Llyn Llech Owain.

Had a visit to Llyn Llech Owain yesterday though unfortunarely didn't find any Truffles myself. There was a good number of other stuff about (hiding in the undergrowth!), some like the two below Stephanie also found last week.

The beige bells I believe could be young clustered toughshank, Gwmnopus confluens, whilst the brown ones are Inocybe langinosa. Inocybe sps. are obscure to say the least but Pat O'Reilly says that this species is defined by its knobbly, star-shaped spores and a cap surface densely fibrous with pointed brown scales that stand upright near the centre. So this looks a good match.

This other one is also an Inocybe, with almost identical star-shaped spores and dark brown spore-print but this time am not able to go any further.

Beside the wonderful display of Ochre brittlegills and  a number of unidentifieds with no decent images, I also came across the following:

The first is a small Lacterius, which gave white milk when scratched - maybe L. quietus with its zoned cap and near Oak. The white mushroom gave a black spore print and keyed out as a Psathyrela, though not like any usual psathyrelas.  The next is a polypore, with tiny almost invisible pores, growing on willow, which I believe to be p.varius, and the last to be Russet Toughshank, Gymnopus dryophilus.

Llyn Llech Owain seems an interesting place, especially for some more unusual things - perhaps we could have a trip there one day?

Sunday, 30 July 2017

Philip how are you on Lactarius?

In a small Beech copse  I came across this lactarius, which looks to me the splitting image of Lactarius subruginosus, shown on page 111 in Fungi of Switzerland but can't find any mention of subruginosus anywhere else. Has it had a name change, or could the mushroom be something else??

Also found  a giant puffball (Calvatia gigantea)  alongside the road at Cilsan. It was over 30 cms long and looked good enough to eat. Has anybody ever tried one??

Friday, 28 July 2017

Llyn Llech Owain was today's destination enjoy