Sunday, 5 October 2014

Two more spikey ones, Typhula spathulata and an Entomophthora sp + a knobly Onygena corvina

These fungi were found a short distance from the other spikey ones.  Typhula spathulata was found on a small fallen branch but not sure of which tree.   Like the Glyphium it is generally found on small branches at head height and, at the Ashpits Burry Port, was found on Willow.  The short white stems arise from a 'sclerotium' just beneath the bark.  This is an uncommon species.

 Typhula erumpens is very similar with just two recent British records but it is, as yet, uncertain if it is distinct from T spathulata.

I laid the twig on a fallen leaf lying in the sun in order to take a photograph.  Note the white spikey object, central and below the twig.




This is a fungus growing on some species of insect, an Entomophthora, but nothing remained of the beast so impossible to say if it was a spider, aphid, or whatever.  We are more familiar with Cordyceps militaris growing from moth larvae but flies, spiders and many other small creatures suffer from similar fungal attack.

 This tennis ball was found during August in the same area as the 'spikey ones'.  the ball must have been dropped by a dog and was covered in moss and leaves.  Growing on it was a collection of fungi, Onygena corvina.  This ascomycete is uncommon and generally found on feathers, owl pellets or fox dung (containing animal trmains) although a few records are 
from rotten roofing felt, material in a garden or a dead mouse.  

  The records database also lists an O piligena found on an old stocking, hearthrug and old felt hat (in 1898) but this is considered a synonym of O corvina.
Another Onygena is O equina found on horn, skulls and hooves so it is worth taking a look at such things left to rot in fields.  Edith Jones once found this on an old hoof shed by a cow at     Wenallt. 


2 comments:

  1. This is all fascinating stuff - you've been busy Philip!

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  2. Interesting seelction! Typhula erumpens got me here, thanks
    However, your entomophagous fungus looks like a Gibellula, an anamorphic spider parasite to me. Teleomorph should be Torrubiella.

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